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What causes fat?

Does it seem like no matter what you do, you are stuck in a never-ending battle with fat? The answer lies in understanding what causes it before you can tackle how to rid yourself of it.

Being overweight does not happen for no reason, eat more than what your body needs and the unused energy will get stored in your fat cells. And once these fatty cells are filled up they have no choice but to expand and stretch which results in weight gain. It is important to understand that not all fat is bad, in fact, your body needs fat to burn energy and to function properly. Visceral fat is inflammation and usually located around the organs, and is often the hardest to loose.

Not many people know that there are two different kinds of fat, namely white and brown fat. White fat is what everybody thinks of when they think of fat. It is the fat that stores excess energy and when it expands it can lead to diseases such as diabetes and coronary artery disease. White fat is what we all try to rid our bodies of. Brown fat is found in adults and its primary function is to not store energy but to rather use it to keep us warm. When brown fat is being used it burns the energy stored by other fat cells to make heat. Interestingly, it is also used to protect us from the same metabolic diseases that are caused by white fat.

Fatty deposits accumulate in different areas of the body for a number of reasons. The neck and chin often become a common area for extra fatty deposits and mainly as we age. The stomach area is typically the most common area for excess fatty deposits and for woman this is normally the hardest area to lose weight. The thighs, hips, arms and buttocks are areas more prone to dimpling from cellulite and these areas also make way for loose skin after weight gain.

So, why can’t you lose weight? Well, there are a number of simple explanations for this and in comparison there are just as many solutions available to you.


Working out regularly is vital and needs to be done in conjunction with a balanced healthy diet. The answer is to work out smarter and better and not necessarily longer and harder. Not all exercise works for everyone, and you may find that if you are doing the same type of exercise every day, your body may have gotten used to how you are exercising and starts to level off or plateau. To add to the fitness struggle the outer thigh, stomach and triceps are the hardest parts of the body to get into shape. Especially if you have had excessive weight gain and the sagging skin is present, this is caused by a loss of collagen in the area. Cardio training is the best method to burn calories and breakdown the underlying layers of fatty layers that hide muscle. But exercise cannot be made up of cardio alone and it causes the body to become more endurance focused which is said to lead to more storage of fatty layers. The answer is to combine cardio and strength training into your routines and by alternating these techniques you will also decrease the amount of time you are exercising each day.  Strength training is used to build muscle which results in burning fat and can be done with lifting weights or high intensity interval training.

Metabolism and Metabolic Changes

Your metabolic rate is the amount of energy expended while you are resting. We know that as we get older our metabolisms tend to slow down and we slowly lose muscle mass. As our metabolism slows down we should make changes to our diets as well. Eating the same amount of food and maintaining the same exercise could very well lead to gradual weigh gain. This means that as we get older we need to decrease the amount of food we consume and increase our daily exercise in order to maintain our weight and health. While this may not be what we want to hear, expecting ourselves for this and using the knowledge as we age, will ensure no unnecessary weight gain and aid in wellness.


All woman are familiar with this dreaded topic but hormones play a far larger role in the storage of fatty deposits than we think. Hormonal influences such as menstrual cycles, pregnancy and menopause occur throughout a woman’s life which have an effect on fat cells ability to swell and shrink. The Estrogen hormone affects fat cells in the abdomen and hip area which can cause the fatty deposits to be stored in these areas. During child bearing years, many woman chose to use oral or injectable contraceptives, which unfortunately assist with one concern they may also cause extra unwanted weight gain. During menopause, hormone replacement therapy (HRT) can also cause weight gain or fluctuations of weight gain and loss. In men, a decrease in testosterone can slow down the metabolism and cause weight gain.


As we age it becomes harder to maintain or keep off weight and this is largely due to the decrease in our fitness which leads to a decrease in our metabolic rate. Aging can also decrease our physical abilities to exercise which can result in the loss of muscle mass and the energy not being used up at the same rate. The answer, as with the metabolic rate, is in lower our daily food intake and maintaining the regular exercise. As we age it is more common to get extra fatty deposits under the chin and the neck, bigger sagging arms and rolls can develop around the bra line.

Diet! Diet! Diet!

Diet has everything to do with the amount of fat in your body and how much is stored. Processed food or foods high in fat, sugary foods and excessive meal size portions can result in your fat cells storing more fat which will inevitably result in weight gain. The trick is to eat healthy, unprocessed and balanced meals so that your body can burn the energy instead of storing it and turning them it fat.

What is the solution?

Whether we want to hear it or not, diet and exercise play a key role in keeping those unwanted centimeters off. And while aging is inevitable for us all, we can plan and make use of the knowledge that is available to us today and keep our bodies maintained and healthier for longer.

The Melrose Aesthetic Centre offers a Reboot Program which has been designed to give you the corrective tools in changing your diet which will result in your body becoming a fat burning, muscle building machine. The Reboot program is designed around your specific individual needs and addresses irregularities you may have or may need to prevent. The program offers weekly consultations to meet with you and guide you through this lifestyle change and where necessary to arm you with more beneficial tools to ridding your body of unwanted fat and prevent disease. Ultimately creating a healthier life and increasing your longevity.

Another alternative to lifestyle diets is Liposuction or Body Contouring. Liposuction is a solution for those difficult areas prone to fat deposits that will not budge with exercise and diet alone. The arms, saddlebags, love handles, abdomen and buttock are excellent areas to eliminate difficult fat. The Melrose Aesthetic Centre offers solutions in combination with other treatment options to optimise your results. For example you may have excessive weight and start the Reboot Program and after reaching your goal you may find that there are stubborn areas that fat deposits have not altered, Liposuction may be the second step to achieving the outcome you desire.

Another beneficial procedure worth considering is Fat Transfer or Fat Grafting, this technique is especially useful when there are signs of aging you want to tackle and often with age the face tends to lose fat and fat shifts downwards which can cause sunken look and often increases the neck size. Fat Transfer is used in combination with Liposuction as the fat is removed from one unwanted area and strategically placed in another. Using this method you could remove fat from your love handles and replace it under the area where volume has been lost.

At The Melrose Aesthetic Centre, our Specialist will guide you through the different options available that best suit your expectation, your budget, and constraints and your daily lifestyle. One of the key factors the Specialist will discuss with you is that in most cases, Liposuction should not be done alone, it requires attention to diet and exercise before and after your recovery to ensure optimal results are not only achieved but maintained.

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