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Scarring Treatments

Scarring is usually caused by fibrous tissue, or fibrosis, that replaces normal skin after an injury has occured. Scarring is a natural part of the healing process after an injury occurs. Its appearance and the possible treatment options depend on multiple factors.

Acne Scars

Acne scarring is as a result of inflammatory or cystic acne. This is when the follicle/pore becomes enlarged due the accumulation of excess oil, bacteria or other impurities in the pore, causing the follicle wall to break. The impurities spread to the dermis, where it damages healthy skin tissue and, combined with the over-production of collagen to heal the wound, leads to the formation of a scar.

Different types of acne scarring include Ice Pick Scars (deep pits), Boxcar Scars (angular scarring – which normally occur on the temple and cheeks), Rolling scars (have a wave-like appearance) and Hypertrophic (thickened) scars. The type of scarring that develops depends largely on the nature of the damage to the skin, and the accompanying repair process.

Burn Scars

This type of scar develops as the result of second or third degree burns. A contracture develops when the surrounding skin pulls together, and may lead to restricted movement in the surrounding area.

PIH Scars (Post Inflammatory Hyperpigmentation)

Post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation (PIH) refers to the discolouration of the skin that develops after a wound – such as inflamed acne – has healed. These marks range in colour from pink to red, purple or brown, are flat and may fade away naturally over a period of time. The discolouration is the result of an over-production of melanin in the affected area during the healing process.

PIH can occur in all skin tones, but is more common in darker skin, and especially prevalent in acne sufferers.

Keloid Scars

Keloid scars develop after a skin injury, during the healing process. They are mainly composed of collagen and have a shiny, raised, rubbery, but firm, appearance. They can vary in colour, from pink to flesh-coloured or red to dark brown. Although they’re benign, they may be accompanied by severe itchiness, pain and texture changes. In some cases they may become infected and ulcerate.

The Melrose Aesthetic Centre offers a range of treatments aimed at scar reduction and removal.

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The information and advice published or made available through the website is not intended to replace the services of a physician or health care professional acting under a physician’s supervision, nor does it constitute a doctor-patient relationship. Each individual’s treatment and/or results may vary based upon the circumstances, the patient’s specific situation, as well as the health care provider’s medical judgement and only after further discussion of the patient’s specific situation, goals, risks and benefits and other relevant medical discussion. Testimonials made by any person(s) on this site are not intended to substitute for this discussion or evaluation or as a guarantee as to outcomes. Examples of treatment outcomes in this website are not intended to convey any warranty, either express or implied, as to outcomes, promises or benefits from treatment. Whether to accept any treatment by a patient should be assessed by the patient as to the risks and benefits of such procedures and only after consultation with a health care professional.

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